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Monday, April 22, 2024

Nigeria may experience meningitis outbreak -NiMet

The Nigerian Meteorological Agency has warned of a possible meningitis outbreak due to the current weather conditions in Nigeria.

In a post on its official X account, NiMet said states like Sokoto, Jigawa, Yobe, and Borno are particularly susceptible to meningitis outbreaks.

Additionally, states like Zamfara, Kano, Bauchi, Kebbi, Katsina, and Gombe have moderate situations with meningitis outbreaks, while other states are places where low or no meningitis vigilance is needed.

To reduce the spread of meningitis, avoid overcrowding and ensure adequate ventilation and airflow in the home

The agency had earlier raised concerns about the weather conditions across the country, noting that “air temperatures hit 41°C over the North and 39°C over the South.”

It said that high heat levels can cause dehydration, heat-related illness, and respiratory issues, among other chronic conditions.

Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, a thin layer of the connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord, according to the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention.

high heat levels can cause dehydration, heat-related illness, and respiratory issues

The inflammation can be caused by infection with organisms like bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi. Injuries and certain drugs can also cause such inflammation.

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The NCDC said meningitis is transmitted through direct person-to-person contact, including droplets from the nose and throat of infected persons; and close and prolonged contact with an infected individual.

To reduce the spread of meningitis, experts urge people to avoid overcrowding and ensure adequate ventilation and airflow in the home.

They also encourage the use of disposable tissue to cover the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.

Gracie Brown
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